The prehistory(Archaeological section Civic Museum of Conversano)
At the most ancient periods of human habitation of the area of southeast barese, there are a series of finds of varied typology: the great geological formations, the regional fossil shells and animal remains, from the old instruments (in flint and obsidian) of the men of the Paleolithic and the Neolithic ages to the conspicuous quantity of ceramic fragments, figures, engravings, and paintings.
This ample range of archaeological testimony shows to the visitor the authentic ancient climates and environments, and it also testifies to the conditions of life, how much they lived in built installations, in caves, and in the open, in the regions of Conversano, Rutigliano, Polignano, and Monopoli. Thus, it becomes possible to understand the economy, the habits, the material culture, the symbolic ability, and the religious feeling of the first inhabitants of the region, in an inclusive chronological arc located 40 thousand years ago to the 11th century. B.C., or between the Middle Paleolithic era and the age of Bronze.