Between Iapigi and Peuceti: the settlements of Castiglione

(Archaeological section of the Civic Museum of Conversano)

The high ground of Castiglione (far 5 km from Conversano) has been of interest for centuries, with a history of different phases of settlement: the initial point of human habitation up to the periods of the Bronze, Iron, and the Roman age; the second being within the medieval era (12th-15th centuries).
The most ancient settlement is culturally identified with iapigio (5th- 13th centuries B.C.) and then peuceta (12th-11th centuries B.C.): treated as one of the two primary civilizations that have interested the Apulian region (the first one) and particularly central Apulia (the second) in this chronological arc.
The archaeological testimonies from the settlements of Castiglione are particularly remarkable, from a historical-cultural and artistic point of view. Strikingly representative are the geometric style ceramics of the Iapigi and the geometric pieces of Pauceti; additionally interesting is a site of a child burial. The tombs correspond to the 8th -4th centuries B.C., with valuable pendants made up of amber and metallic finds, lance points, caress fragments, and a bronze helmet.
A view of the discovered materials and a wealth of photos, as well as topographical and historical cards aid the visitor with the discovery of this important ancient center.